Miami, Florida is the county seat of Miami-Dade County in South Florida. It is officially known as the City of Miami and is the second-most populous city in the state of Florida with a population of 442,241 as of the 2020 census. Miami is also the eleventh-most populated city in the Southeastern United States and has the third largest skyline in the country with more than 300 high-rises. Miami is also the only major United States city to be founded by a woman. It was founded by Julia Tuttle around 1858 who owned the land where the city was eventually built and it was officially incorporated in 1896.
During World War II, Miami’s location made it an ideal base for United States defense against German submarines. As a result, the population began to significantly increase in 1940. Increases in population like this earned Miami its nickname as the “Magic City” when its rapid growth was noticed by winter visitors who noted how much the city would grow from year to year like magic. Miami also became a popular destination for Cuban immigrants following Fidel Castro’s rise to power in 1959. It is the second-largest city in the United States with a Spanish speaking majority, after El Paso, Texas and it is the largest city with a Cuban-American plurality. Today, Miami has developed as a major international, financial, and cultural center. As a major location of international business, Miami is recognized as a Beta + level world city, along with cities like Atlanta, Dallas, and Houston. Some of the major corporations headquartered there include Carnival Corporation, OPKO Health, Telemundo, and World Fuel Services.
Tourism is one of Miami’s largest industries. In 2016, it was one of the most popular destinations in the United States for foreign visitors, second only to New York City. Popular tourist destinations include South Beach, Downtown Miami, Bayside Marketplace, and the Art Deco District in Miami Beach. Festivals like the Calle Ocho Festival and the Miami International Film Festival are also major attractions that visitors travel to Miami for.
Port Miami is one of the largest ports in the United States and is the largest cruise ship port in the world. It is often called the “Cruise Capital of the World” and accommodates the largest cruise ships and major cruise lines. Miami Port is also one of the busiest cargo ports in the United States and ranks second to the Port of South Louisiana in New Orleans in cargo tonnage imported from Latin America.
Miami is home to the National Football League’s Miami Dolphins, the National Basketball Association’s Miami Heat, Major League Baseball’s Miami Marlins, and the National Hockey League’s Florida Panthers, and Major League Soccer’s Inter Miami CF teams. Seventeen colleges and universities are located in Miami including the University of Miami and the Miami Culinary Institute.
Miami is located in between the Everglades and Biscayne Bay and is located about 30 miles from the city of Fort Lauderdale. In addition to the Miami International Airport, the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and Palm Beach International Airports also operate within Miami, largely serving commercial traffic.
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